RGD Reference Report - Effect of renin gene transfer on blood pressure in the spontaneously hypertensive rat. - Rat Genome Database

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Effect of renin gene transfer on blood pressure in the spontaneously hypertensive rat.

Authors: St Lezin, E  Liu, W  Wang, N  Wang, JM  Kren, V  Zidek, V  Zdobinska, M  Krenova, D  Bottger, A  Van Zutphen, BF  Pravenec, M 
Citation: St Lezin E, etal., Hypertension 1998 Jan;31(1 Pt 2):373-7.
RGD ID: 619652
Pubmed: PMID:9453331   (View Abstract at PubMed)

To investigate whether molecular variation in the renin gene contributes to the greater blood pressure of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) versus normotensive Brown Norway (BN) rats, we measured blood pressure in an SHR progenitor strain and an SHR congenic strain that are genetically identical except at the renin gene and an associated segment of chromosome 13 transferred from the BN strain. Backcross breeding and molecular selection at the renin locus were used to create the SHR congenic strain (designated SHR.BN-Ren) that carries the renin gene transferred from the normotensive BN strain. We found that transfer of the renin gene from the BN strain onto the genetic background of the SHR did not decrease blood pressure in rats fed either a normal or high-salt diet. In fact, the systolic blood pressures of the SHR congenic rats tended to be slightly greater than the systolic blood pressures of the SHR progenitor rats. However, the congenic strain exhibited lower serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and greater levels of total cholesterol, very-low-density lipoprotein, and intermediate-density lipoprotein cholesterol during administration of a high-fat, high-cholesterol diet. These findings demonstrate that (1) under the environmental circumstances of the current study, the greater blood pressure of SHR versus BN rats cannot be explained by strain differences in the renin gene and (2) a quantitative trait locus affecting lipid metabolism exists on chromosome 13 within the transferred chromosome segment. The SHR.BN-Ren congenic strain may provide a useful new animal model for studying the interaction between high blood pressure and dyslipidemia in cardiovascular disease.

Objects Annotated

Objects referenced in this article
Strain SHR.BN-(D1Mit3-Igf2)/1lpcv null Rattus norvegicus
Strain SHR.BN-(D1Mit3-Igf2)/Ipcv null Rattus norvegicus
Strain SHR.BN-(D8Mit5-D8Mgh6)/Ipcv null Rattus norvegicus

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