RGD Reference Report - Identification of two susceptibility loci for vascular fragility in the Brown Norway rat. - Rat Genome Database

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Identification of two susceptibility loci for vascular fragility in the Brown Norway rat.

Authors: Harris, EL  Stoll, M  Jones, GT  Granados, MA  Porteous, WK  Van Rij, AM  Jacob, HJ 
Citation: Harris EL, etal., Physiol Genomics 2001 Aug 28;6(3):183-9.
RGD ID: 619605
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:11526202

A trait of vascular fragility, characterized by the formation of abrupt defects within the elastic laminae of the abdominal aorta, has been identified in Brown Norway (BN) rats. These lesions are greatly exacerbated in F(1) rats from a BN x New Zealand genetically hypertensive (GH) intercross, implying that the genetic background provided by the GH rat influences lesion severity. The F(2) progeny of the BN x GH intercross were used to identify susceptibility loci for the lesions as well as exacerbating loci. Two major quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for number of internal elastic lamina lesions were identified on rat chromosomes 5 and 10, with the maximum "log of the odds ratio" (LOD) scores at D5Rat119 (LOD 5.0) and at D10Mit2 (LOD 4.5), respectively, together contributing 33.5% to the genetic variance. Further analysis revealed that the chromosome 10 locus exhibits a dominant mode of inheritance, with BN alleles being associated with increased lesion number (P < 0.0002) compared with GH homozygotes. This locus was in epistasis to a modifier locus on rat chromosome 2 at D2Mit14 (LOD score 2.12). A second major locus was identified on chromosome 5, exhibiting a semidominant mode of inheritance, again with the BN allele being significantly associated with increased lesion number (P < 0.0001). Furthermore, a locus influencing lesion severity was identified on chromosome 3 wherein GH alleles associated with increased severity. This is the first study to identify susceptibility loci for vascular elastic tissue fragility.

Annotation

Disease Annotations    

Phenotype Annotations    
Objects Annotated

QTLs
Vetf1  (Vascular elastic tissue fragility QTL 1)
Vetf2  (Vascular elastic tissue fragility QTL 2)

Strains
BN/Elh  (NA)
GH/Omr  (Genetically Hypertensive)


Additional Information