RGD Reference Report - A novel mutation causing nephronophthisis in the Lewis polycystic kidney rat localises to a conserved RCC1 domain in Nek8. - Rat Genome Database

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A novel mutation causing nephronophthisis in the Lewis polycystic kidney rat localises to a conserved RCC1 domain in Nek8.

Authors: McCooke, John K  Appels, Rudi  Barrero, Roberto A  Ding, Alice  Ozimek-Kulik, Justyna E  Bellgard, Mathew I  Morahan, Grant  Phillips, Jacqueline K 
Citation: McCooke JK, etal., BMC Genomics. 2012 Aug 16;13:393. doi: 10.1186/1471-2164-13-393.
RGD ID: 40924667
Pubmed: PMID:22899815   (View Abstract at PubMed)
PMCID: PMC3441220   (View Article at PubMed Central)
DOI: DOI:10.1186/1471-2164-13-393   (Journal Full-text)

BACKGROUND: Nephronophthisis (NPHP) as a cause of cystic kidney disease is the most common genetic cause of progressive renal failure in children and young adults. NPHP is characterized by abnormal and/or loss of function of proteins associated with primary cilia. Previously, we characterized an autosomal recessive phenotype of cystic kidney disease in the Lewis Polycystic Kidney (LPK) rat.
RESULTS: In this study, quantitative trait locus analysis was used to define a ~1.6 Mbp region on rat chromosome 10q25 harbouring the lpk mutation. Targeted genome capture and next-generation sequencing of this region identified a non-synonymous mutation R650C in the NIMA (never in mitosis gene a)- related kinase 8 ( Nek8) gene. This is a novel Nek8 mutation that occurs within the regulator of chromosome condensation 1 (RCC1)-like region of the protein. Specifically, the R650C substitution is located within a G[QRC]LG repeat motif of the predicted seven bladed beta-propeller structure of the RCC1 domain. The rat Nek8 gene is located in a region syntenic to portions of human chromosome 17 and mouse 11. Scanning electron microscopy confirmed abnormally long cilia on LPK kidney epithelial cells, and fluorescence immunohistochemistry for Nek8 protein revealed altered cilia localisation.
CONCLUSIONS: When assessed relative to other Nek8 NPHP mutations, our results indicate the whole propeller structure of the RCC1 domain is important, as the different mutations cause comparable phenotypes. This study establishes the LPK rat as a novel model system for NPHP and further consolidates the link between cystic kidney disease and cilia proteins.

RGD Manual Disease Annotations    Click to see Annotation Detail View
TermQualifierEvidenceWithReferenceNotesSourceOriginal Reference(s)
nephronophthisis 9  IAGP 40924667; 40924667; 40924667compared to control LewisRGD 
nephronophthisis 9  ISONek8 (Rattus norvegicus)40924667; 40924667compared to control LewisRGD 

Phenotype Annotations    Click to see Annotation Detail View

Mammalian Phenotype

TermQualifierEvidenceWithReferenceNotesSourceOriginal Reference(s)
increased kidney epithelial cell primary cilium length  IAGP 40924667; 40924667; 40924667compared to control LewisRGD 
Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Nek8  (NIMA-related kinase 8)
Nek8lpkArc  (NIMA-related kinase 8; lpk mutant, Arc)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Nek8  (NIMA (never in mitosis gene a)-related expressed kinase 8)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
NEK8  (NIMA related kinase 8)

LEW-Nek8lpk/Arc  (NA)

Additional Information