RGD Reference Report - Inherited copper toxicity in Long-Evans cinnamon rats exhibiting spontaneous hepatitis: a model of Wilson's disease. - Rat Genome Database

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Inherited copper toxicity in Long-Evans cinnamon rats exhibiting spontaneous hepatitis: a model of Wilson's disease.

Authors: Okayasu, T  Tochimaru, H  Hyuga, T  Takahashi, T  Takekoshi, Y  Li, Y  Togashi, Y  Takeichi, N  Kasai, N  Arashima, S 
Citation: Okayasu T, etal., Pediatr Res. 1992 Mar;31(3):253-7. doi: 10.1203/00006450-199203000-00011.
RGD ID: 25823154
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:1561010
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1203/00006450-199203000-00011

The copper concentrations in organs of developing Long-Evans Cinnamon (LEC) rats (2 d to 13 mo) were measured to elucidate the pathogenesis of their hereditary hepatitis. Hepatic copper contents of LEC rats were significantly higher than those of control rats (26 to 92 times higher). The subcellular distribution of hepatic copper indicated that the nuclear and large granular fractions had been saturated and the cytosol fraction contained about 70% of all the hepatic copper in LEC rats. The serum concentrations of copper and ceruloplasmin were significantly lower than those of control rats from the 4th wk (10-12% and 5-19%, respectively). Copper contents in kidney of LEC rats did not exhibit an increase over those of control rats until 12 wk, but then increased to nearly 40 times higher during fulminant hepatic failure. Accumulation of copper was not detected in the brain or small intestines of LEC rats until 13 mo. The hepatic copper concentration, its subcellular distribution, and serum copper concentration of F1 rats (LEC x Long-Evans Agouti) exhibited the same levels as those of Long-Evans Agouti rats. In addition to their similarity concerning inheritance of autosomal recessive means and clinical course, we found causality relating copper accumulation to the pathogenesis of the disease. We propose that LEC rats will be the most promising animal model for the study of Wilson's disease.



Disease Annotations    
Wilson disease  (IAGP,ISO)

Phenotype Annotations    

Mammalian Phenotype

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Atp7b  (ATPase copper transporting beta)
Atp7bhts  (ATPase copper transporting beta; hepatitis)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Atp7b  (ATPase, Cu++ transporting, beta polypeptide)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
ATP7B  (ATPase copper transporting beta)

Strains
LEC/Hok  (Long Evans Cinnamon)


Additional Information