RGD Reference Report - Increased lipocortin-1 (annexin-1) expression in the sciatic nerve of Lewis rats with experimental autoimmune neuritis. - Rat Genome Database

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Increased lipocortin-1 (annexin-1) expression in the sciatic nerve of Lewis rats with experimental autoimmune neuritis.

Authors: Gold, R  Oelschlager, M  Pepinsky, RB  Sommer, C  Hartung, HP  Toyka, KV 
Citation: Gold R, etal., Acta Neuropathol. 1999 Dec;98(6):583-9.
RGD ID: 2306914
Pubmed: PMID:10603033   (View Abstract at PubMed)

Lipocortin-1 exerts a potent immunosuppressive effect on pathogenic T cells. In multiple sclerosis and experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis levels of lipocortins are raised, suggesting their involvement in the recovery from an immunological insult or in neural regeneration. To further understand the role of lipocortins in the peripheral nervous system we have characterized lipocortin-1 levels and cellular distribution of lipocortin-1 immunoreactivity in sciatic nerves of rats with experimental autoimmune neuritis (EAN), a model of human Guillain-Barre syndrome. EAN was induced actively by immunization with bovine peripheral myelin (active EAN) or by adoptive-transfer (AT-EAN) of P2-specific T cells. Cellular infiltrates in serial and semithin cryosections were characterized by immunohistochemistry. In parallel, lipocortin-1 levels in tissue extracts were quantified by a sandwich-ELISA. Only weak lipocortin-1 immunoreactivity was found in nerves of control animals injected with non-pathogenic T cells. The majority of macrophages and lymphocytes in EAN lesions exhibited lipocortin-1 immunoreactivity. Some very heavily stained cells showed a distribution and morphology similar to ED-2-positive macrophages which were abundant during early stages of EAN. Lipocortin-1 expression in T cells and macrophages was proven by immunocytochemical studies in semithin serial sections. In tissue extracts, lipocortin-1 levels increased from 0.24 +/- 0.14 micrograms/mg protein in controls receiving non-pathogenic T cells to a maximum of 0.55 +/- 0.1 micrograms/mg protein in AT-EAN at the peak of disease, and then slowly decreased during clinical recovery but still remained elevated. In dose-response studies in AT-EAN, highest values of lipocortin-1 (0. 71 +/- 0.23 micrograms/mg protein) were recorded after transfer of 2 x 10(7) T cells. Increased levels of lipocortin-1 were also measured in active EAN but occurred during the recovery phase (0.65 +/- 0.27 micrograms/mg protein). By analogy with other immune-mediated disorders, increased lipocortin-1 expression in the inflamed sciatic nerve in EAN may exert immunoregulatory functions in-situ and contribute to the termination of the autoimmune response.

RGD Manual Disease Annotations    Click to see Annotation Detail View
TermQualifierEvidenceWithReferenceNotesSourceOriginal Reference(s)
Experimental Autoimmune Neuritis  ISOAnxa1 (Rattus norvegicus)2306914; 2306914protein:increased expression:sciatic nerveRGD 
Experimental Autoimmune Neuritis  IEP 2306914protein:increased expression:sciatic nerveRGD 

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Anxa1  (annexin A1)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Anxa1  (annexin A1)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
ANXA1  (annexin A1)

Additional Information