Decreased expression of Wnt7a mRNA is inversely associated with the expression of estrogen receptor-alpha in human uterine leiomyoma.

Authors: Li, S  Chiang, TC  Davis, GR  Williams, RM  Wilson, VP  McLachlan, JA 
Citation: Li S, etal., J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2001 Jan;86(1):454-7.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:11232041
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1210/jcem.86.1.7276

Wnt-7a gene not only guides the development of the anterior-posterior axis in the female reproductive tract, but also plays a critical role in uterine smooth muscle pattering and maintenance of adult uterine function. This gene is also responsive to changes in the levels of sex steroid hormone in the female reproductive tract. To explore the molecular mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of uterine leiomyoma, the expression of Wnt7a mRNA in the leiomyoma has been assessed. RT-PCR was performed on uterine leiomyomas and the adjacent myometria. Of 30 cases of leiomyomas studied, 67% showed a decreased mRNA level as compared to the paired myometria. On the other hand, estrogen receptor-alpha (ER-alpha) mRNA is hyper-expressed in 67% of the leiomyomas as compared to their paired myometrium. An inverse association at mRNA expression was found between Wnt7a and ER-alpha. Miller et alhas shown that fetal exposure of DES results in de-regulation of Wnt7a during uterine morphogenesis. Referring to their results, we have postulated that hypersensitivity of leiomyoma cells to estrogen may deregulate the Wnt7a expression. Decreased expression of Wnt7a may lead to loss of control in patterning of the myometrium and result in development of leiomyoma


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RGD ID: 2298847
Created: 2008-07-28
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2008-07-28
Status: ACTIVE