Increasing exposure to environmental endocrine disruptor, xeno-estrogen, is a serious hazard to male reproductive activity. To explore possible genetic control in susceptibility to xeno-estrogen, the weight reduction of testes induced by the continuous administration of a synthetic estrogen, diethylstilbesterol, were investigated by quantitative trait analysis in LEXF and FXLE recombinant inbred strain rats, consisting of 21 independent strains, 9 of their substrains, parental F344/Stm and LE/Stm strains, and (F344 x LE)F1. For the weight of testes, one highly significant quantitative trait locus (QTL) and one significant QTL were mapped on chromosomes 7 and 1, respectively. The QTL on chromosome 7 is closely associated with c-myc. Pituitary weight and serum prolactin were also variable among recombinant inbred strains, but no QTL was detected for them in this study.