RGD Reference Report - Metalloproteinase-2 and -9 in giant cell arteritis: involvement in vascular remodeling. - Rat Genome Database

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Metalloproteinase-2 and -9 in giant cell arteritis: involvement in vascular remodeling.

Authors: Rodriguez-Pla, A  Bosch-Gil, JA  Rossello-Urgell, J  Huguet-Redecilla, P  Stone, JH  Vilardell-Tarres, M 
Citation: Rodriguez-Pla A, etal., Circulation. 2005 Jul 12;112(2):264-9. Epub 2005 Jul 5.
RGD ID: 1580575
Pubmed: PMID:15998676   (View Abstract at PubMed)
DOI: DOI:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.104.520114   (Journal Full-text)

BACKGROUND: Both matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and -9 (MMP-9) have been postulated to play roles in the pathophysiology of giant cell arteritis (GCA) because of their ability to degrade elastin. Understanding the specific mediators of arterial damage in GCA could lead to new therapeutic targets in this disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: Temporal artery biopsy specimens were obtained from 147 consecutive patients suspected of GCA. Clinical and histopathological data were collected according to protocol. Using immunohistochemistry, we compared the expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in the temporal artery biopsies of both GCA cases (n=50) and controls (n=97). MMP-9 was found more frequently in positive than in negative temporal artery biopsies (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 3.20; P=0.01). In contrast, the frequency of MMP-2 was not significantly different between positive and negative biopsies (adjusted OR, 2.18; P=0.22). Both MMP-2 and MMP-9 were found in macrophages and giant cells near the internal elastic lamina and in smooth muscle cells and myofibroblasts of the media and intima. MMP-9 was also found in the vasa vasorum. MMP-9 but not MMP-2 was associated with internal elastic lamina degeneration, intimal hyperplasia, and luminal narrowing, even after adjustment for possible confounding variables. CONCLUSIONS: MMP-9 appears more likely than MMP-2 to be involved in the pathophysiology of GCA. MMP-9 not only participates in the degradation of elastic tissue but also is associated with intimal hyperplasia, subsequent luminal narrowing, and neoangiogenesis. The expression of MMP by smooth muscle cells implicates these cells as potential secretory cells in GCA.

RGD Manual Disease Annotations    Click to see Annotation Detail View
TermQualifierEvidenceWithReferenceNotesSourceOriginal Reference(s)
temporal arteritis  IEP 1580575protein:increased expression:temporal artery (human)RGD 
temporal arteritis  ISOMMP9 (Homo sapiens)1580575; 1580575protein:increased expression:temporal artery (human)RGD 

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Mmp9  (matrix metallopeptidase 9)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Mmp9  (matrix metallopeptidase 9)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
MMP9  (matrix metallopeptidase 9)

Additional Information