RGD Reference Report - A newly established strain of spontaneously hypertensive rat with a defect of ascorbic acid biosynthesis. - Rat Genome Database

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A newly established strain of spontaneously hypertensive rat with a defect of ascorbic acid biosynthesis.

Authors: Horio, F  Hayashi, K  Mishima, T  Takemori, K  Oshima, I  Makino, S  Kakinuma, A  Ito, H 
Citation: Horio F, etal., Life Sci 2001 Sep 7;69(16):1879-90.
RGD ID: 1556471
Pubmed: PMID:11693268   (View Abstract at PubMed)

To investigate the effects of ascorbic acid deficiency on the pathogenesis of hypertension and/or its complications, we established a rat strain with both genetic hypertension and a defect of ascorbic acid biosynthesis. The od gene (L-gulono-gamma-lactone oxidase gene) of the ODS (Osteogenic Disorder Shionogi) rat, which is a rat mutant unable to synthesize ascorbic acid, was introduced into spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), and a novel congenic strain, SHR-od, was established. SHR-od showed scurvy when fed an ascorbic acid-free diet. Systolic blood pressure of male SHR-od began to increase at 9 weeks of age and reached 190-200 mmHg at 20 weeks of age. In 25-week-old SHR-od, ascorbic acid deficiency when fed an ascorbic acid-free diet for 6 weeks caused a remarkable reduction of blood pressure to lower than 110 mmHg. The wall to lumen ratio of the testicular artery in ascorbic acid-deficient SHR-od was lower than that of the control rats. When rats were fed a diet supplemented with ascorbic acid (300 mg/kg), ascorbic acid concentration in SHR-od was lower in the serum and liver than that in ODS rats. These results indicate that ascorbic acid could be closely related to the development of hypertension in SHR-od. We believe that SHR-od will be a useful model for experimental studies on hypertension and its complications, since all of them suffer from hypertension spontaneously and the level of ascorbic acid deficiency in these rats could be controlled at will both in concentration and duration.

Disease Annotations    
hypertension  (IAGP)
scurvy  (IAGP)

Objects Annotated

ODS/Shi  (Osteogenic disorder Shionogi)
SHR.ODS-Gulood/Shi  (NA)

Additional Information