RGD Reference Report - Kyoto rhino rats derived by ENU mutagenesis undergo congenital hair loss and exhibit focal glomerulosclerosis. - Rat Genome Database

Send us a Message



Submit Data |  Help |  Video Tutorials |  News |  Publications |  Download |  REST API |  Citing RGD |  Contact   

Kyoto rhino rats derived by ENU mutagenesis undergo congenital hair loss and exhibit focal glomerulosclerosis.

Authors: Kuramoto, Takashi  Kuwamura, Mitsuru  Tagami, Fumi  Mashimo, Tomoji  Nose, Masato  Serikawa, Tadao 
Citation: Kuramoto T, etal., Exp Anim. 2011;60(1):57-63. doi: 10.1538/expanim.60.57.
RGD ID: 150520024
Pubmed: PMID:21325752   (View Abstract at PubMed)
DOI: DOI:10.1538/expanim.60.57   (Journal Full-text)

N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea (ENU) mutagenesis is an important tool for studying gene function and establishing human disease models. Here, we report the characterization of a novel hairless mutant rat strain that carries a recessive mutation called Kyoto rhino (krh), which was created by ENU-mutagenesis. We produced a F344-krh strain through inbreeding without backcrossing to F344 rats. The krh/krh rats lost their coat hair by eight weeks of age. They also developed wrinkled skin, cystic hair canals and long curved nails by four months of age. Markedly dilated hair follicles that contained keratin debris were observed during histological analysis of the skin. The krh locus was mapped near the hairless (Hr) gene on chromosome 15. Sequence analysis revealed a nonsense mutation (c. 1238 C>A, p. S413X) in the Hr gene. The truncated HR protein was deduced to lack a zinc-finger domain and repression domains. In aged Hr(krh)/Hr(krh) rats, focal glomerulosclerosis (FGS) was observed in which collapsed glomeruli contained protein exudates in Bowman's capsule. Mesangial matrices that had proliferated in segments and foot processes that were fused in podocytes were also observed. The Hr(krh)/Hr(krh) rats also suffered from significant proteinuria. Given its breeding history, the F344-Hr(krh) strain may harbor ENU-induced mutation(s) that underlie FGS in addition to having the Hr(krh) mutation. The F344-Hr(krh) rat is a useful model of skin disease and may provide a new model system for the examination of the pathogenesis of FGS.



RGD Manual Disease Annotations    Click to see Annotation Detail View
Object SymbolSpeciesTermQualifierEvidenceWithNotesSourceOriginal Reference(s)
F344-Hrkrh/KyoRatfocal segmental glomerulosclerosis  IMP  RGD 
HRHumanfocal segmental glomerulosclerosis  ISOHr (Rattus norvegicus) RGD 
HrRatfocal segmental glomerulosclerosis  IMP  RGD 
HrMousefocal segmental glomerulosclerosis  ISOHr (Rattus norvegicus) RGD 
F344-Hrkrh/KyoRatproteinuria  IMP  RGD 
HRHumanproteinuria  ISOHr (Rattus norvegicus) RGD 
HrRatproteinuria  IMP  RGD 
HrMouseproteinuria  ISOHr (Rattus norvegicus) RGD 

Phenotype Annotations    Click to see Annotation Detail View

Mammalian Phenotype

Object SymbolSpeciesTermQualifierEvidenceWithNotesSourceOriginal Reference(s)
F344-Hrkrh/KyoRatabnormal piliary canal morphology  IMP  RGD 
HrRatabnormal piliary canal morphology  IMP  RGD 
F344-Hrkrh/KyoRatdeformed nails  IMP  RGD 
HrRatdeformed nails  IMP  RGD 
F344-Hrkrh/KyoRatdilated hair follicle  IMP  RGD 
HrRatdilated hair follicle  IMP  RGD 
F344-Hrkrh/KyoRathairless  IMP  RGD 
HrRathairless  IMP  RGD 
F344-Hrkrh/KyoRatwrinkled skin  IMP  RGD 
HrRatwrinkled skin  IMP  RGD 
Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Hr  (HR, lysine demethylase and nuclear receptor corepressor)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Hr  (lysine demethylase and nuclear receptor corepressor)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
HR  (HR lysine demethylase and nuclear receptor corepressor)

Strains
F344-Hrkrh/Kyo  (Hairless Kyoto, Hanako)


Additional Information