RGD Reference Report - The whn transcription factor encoded by the nude locus contains an evolutionarily conserved and functionally indispensable activation domain. - Rat Genome Database

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The whn transcription factor encoded by the nude locus contains an evolutionarily conserved and functionally indispensable activation domain.

Authors: Schuddekopf, K  Schorpp, M  Boehm, T 
Citation: Schuddekopf K, etal., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 1996 Sep 3;93(18):9661-4.
RGD ID: 1300512
Pubmed: PMID:8790387   (View Abstract at PubMed)
PMCID: PMC38485   (View Article at PubMed Central)

Mutations in the whn gene are associated with the phenotype of congenital athymia and hairlessness in mouse and rat. The whn gene encodes a presumptive transcription factor with a DNA binding domain of the forkhead/ winged-helix class. Two previously described null alleles encode truncated whn proteins lacking the characteristic DNA binding domain. In the rat rnu allele described here, a nonsense mutation in exon 8 of the whn gene was identified. The truncated whnrnu protein contains the DNA binding domain but lacks the 175 C-terminal amino acids of the wild-type protein. To facilitate the identification of functionally important regions in this region, a whn homolog from the pufferfish Fugu rubripes was isolated. Comparison of derived protein sequences with the mouse whn gene revealed the presence of a conserved acidic protein domain in the C terminus, in addition to the highly conserved DNA binding domain. Using fusions with a heterologous DNA binding domain, a strong transcriptional activation domain was localized to the C-terminal cluster of acidic amino acids. As the whnrnu mutant protein lacks this domain, our results indicate that a transactivation function is essential for the activity of the whn transcription factor.

Gene Ontology Annotations    Click to see Annotation Detail View

Biological Process
TermQualifierEvidenceWithReferenceNotesSourceOriginal Reference(s)
keratinocyte differentiation  IMP 1300512 RGD 
thymus development  IMP 1300512 RGD 

Phenotype Annotations    Click to see Annotation Detail View

Mammalian Phenotype

TermQualifierEvidenceWithReferenceNotesSourceOriginal Reference(s)
abnormal hair growth  IAGP 1300512 RGD 
athymia  IAGP 1300512 RGD 
Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Foxn1  (forkhead box N1)


Additional Information