RGD Reference Report - Anti-inflammatory Activity of Caspian Cobra (Naja naja oxiana) Snake Venom on the Serum Level of Interleukin-27 and Histopathological Changes in Myelin Oligodendrocyte Glycoprotein-experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitisinduced Mice. - Rat Genome Database

Send us a Message



Submit Data |  Help |  Video Tutorials |  News |  Publications |  Download |  REST API |  Citing RGD |  Contact   

Anti-inflammatory Activity of Caspian Cobra (Naja naja oxiana) Snake Venom on the Serum Level of Interleukin-27 and Histopathological Changes in Myelin Oligodendrocyte Glycoprotein-experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitisinduced Mice.

Authors: Mohammadnejad, L  Zare Mirakabadi, A  Oryan, Sh  Jelodar Dezfouli, Sh 
Citation: Mohammadnejad L, etal., Arch Razi Inst. 2021 Jan;75(4):491-500. doi: 10.22092/ari.2019.126151.1333. Epub 2021 Jan 1.
RGD ID: 126790527
Pubmed: PMID:33403844   (View Abstract at PubMed)
PMCID: PMC8410150   (View Article at PubMed Central)
DOI: DOI:10.22092/ari.2019.126151.1333   (Journal Full-text)

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is considered a chronic disease of the central nervous system, with a strong neurodegenerative component. The exact mechanism of MS is not clear. However, the therapeutic strategies for controlling MS are based on immune modulation and inflammation control. Regarding this, the present study was conducted to investigate the influence of snake venom on the suppression of the immune system after the induction of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) in mice. For this purpose, C57BL/6 female mice, divided into three groups, were selected to be induced by EAE. Groups 2 and 3 received flank injection with the emulsion of myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG 35-55), as well as complete Freund adjuvant, followed by the administration of pertussis toxin. Furthermore, the treatment group, as an immune-modulator, received cobra venom (CV) after EAE induction. The mice were then evaluated daily based on clinical symptoms, weight changes (within 26 days), histopathological analysis, and serum levels of interleukin 27 (IL-27) for neurological motor deficits. The clinical signs of MOG-EAE in C57BL/6 mice began 9-14 days post-immunization. Histopathological results also revealed that CV-treated EAE mice, compared to the untreated EAE group, witnessed a significant reduction in the intensity of inflammatory cells in parenchymal sections. Furthermore, the increase of IL-27 levels was significant in the CV-treated group (P=0.001), compared with those in the EAE and control groups. Based on results obtained in the present study, it may be concluded that Naja naja oxiana snake venom is a potential immunomodulatory agent that can be effective in the treatment of MS.

RGD Manual Disease Annotations    Click to see Annotation Detail View
TermQualifierEvidenceWithReferenceNotesSourceOriginal Reference(s)
Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis  ISOIl27 (Mus musculus)126790527; 126790527protein:decreased expression:blood serum (mouse)RGD 
Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis  IEP 126790527protein:decreased expression:blood serum (mouse)RGD 

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Il27  (interleukin 27)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Il27  (interleukin 27)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
IL27  (interleukin 27)


Additional Information