RGD Reference Report - Interleukin-27: a novel biomarker in predicting bacterial infection among the critically ill. - Rat Genome Database

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Interleukin-27: a novel biomarker in predicting bacterial infection among the critically ill.

Authors: Hanna, William J  Berrens, Zachary  Langner, Travis  Lahni, Patrick  Wong, Hector R 
Citation: Hanna WJ, etal., Crit Care. 2015 Oct 30;19:378. doi: 10.1186/s13054-015-1095-2.
RGD ID: 126790515
Pubmed: PMID:26514771   (View Abstract at PubMed)
PMCID: PMC4627377   (View Article at PubMed Central)
DOI: DOI:10.1186/s13054-015-1095-2   (Journal Full-text)

INTRODUCTION: A continued need exists for effective diagnostic biomarkers in bacterial sepsis among critically ill patients, despite increasing use of available biomarkers such as procalcitonin (PCT). Interleukin-27 (IL-27) has shown early promise in a recent preliminary study, exhibiting high specificity and positive predictive values for bacterial infection in critically ill children. This validation study was performed to assess the value of IL-27 in predicting bacterial infection among patients admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit and to compare its performance with that of PCT.
METHODS: A single-center (n = 702) prospective study was performed comparing both IL-27 and PCT levels between bacterially infected and uninfected cohorts in the pediatric intensive care unit. Infected status was determined by a chart review by an intensivist blinded to biomarker results. Formal performance comparisons included calculations of receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves for IL-27 and PCT individually in addition to a combination strategy using a decision tree generated by classification and regression tree (CART) methodology. Secondary analysis focusing on subjects with documented bloodstream infections was performed.
RESULTS: The overall infection rate was 27 %. ROC curves for the primary analysis yielded areas under the curve (AUCs) of 0.64 (0.59 to 0.68) for IL-27 and 0.61 (0.56 to 0.65) for PCT. Secondary analysis defining infected status exclusively through positive blood cultures yielded AUCs of 0.75 (0.68 to 0.81) for IL-27 and 0.64 (0.57 to 0.71) for PCT, with a specificity of 95 % (92 % to 97 %) for the prior established IL-27 cut-point value of at least 5.0 ng/ml. Similar AUCs were found for the subset of immunocompromised patients. In a CART-derived analysis taking immunocompromised status into consideration, a combination of IL-27 and PCT yielded an AUC of 0.81 (0.75 to 0.86), statistically improved from either IL-27 or PCT alone.
CONCLUSIONS: Despite having a modest predictive value for infection independent of source, IL-27 may serve as a useful biomarker in estimating risk of bacterial infection among critically ill pediatric patients with bloodstream infections. In particular, among immunocompromised subjects, this diagnostic biomarker may be helpful either alone or using a combination strategy with other available biomarkers.

RGD Manual Disease Annotations    Click to see Annotation Detail View
TermQualifierEvidenceWithReferenceNotesSourceOriginal Reference(s)
Bacteremia  HEP 126790515protein:increased expression:blood serum (human)RGD 

Objects Annotated

Genes (Homo sapiens)
IL27  (interleukin 27)

Additional Information