RGD Reference Report - Genetic dissection of Iddm26 in the spontaneously diabetic BBDP rat. - Rat Genome Database

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Genetic dissection of Iddm26 in the spontaneously diabetic BBDP rat.

Authors: Sarmiento, J  Wallis, RH  Ning, T  Marandi, L  Chao, GY  Paterson, AD  Poussier, P 
Citation: Sarmiento J, etal., Genes Immun. 2014 Sep;15(6):378-91. doi: 10.1038/gene.2014.29. Epub 2014 Jun 12.
RGD ID: 10043114
Pubmed: PMID:24920533   (View Abstract at PubMed)
DOI: DOI:10.1038/gene.2014.29   (Journal Full-text)

The 40 Mb T1D susceptibility locus Iddm26 was mapped to chromosome 2 through linkage analysis of a conditioned cross-intercross between the diabetes-prone BBDP and the diabetes-resistant ACI.BBDP-Iddm1,Iddm2 (ACI.1u.Lyp). It is flanked by Iddm32 and Iddm33, which control the kinetics of disease progression. To fine-map Iddm26 and characterize immune phenotypes controlled by this locus, several congenic sublines were generated carrying smaller, overlapping intervals spanning Iddm26 and fragments of Iddm32 and 33. Analysis of disease susceptibility, age of disease onset, and immune phenotypes in these sublines identified subloci regulating these different parameters. Two ACI.1u.Lyp-derived subloci, Iddm26.1 and Iddm26.2, imparted significant protection from diabetes, decreasing the cumulative incidence by as much as 57% and 28%, respectively. Iddm26.2, which overlaps with the human PTPN22 locus, only affected disease susceptibility, whereas Iddm26.1 also significantly affected disease kinetics, delaying T1D onset by more than 10 days compared with the parental BBDP strain. These Iddm26 subloci also regulated various immune phenotypes, including the proportion of splenic macrophages by Iddm26.1, and the proportion of activated T-cells in secondary lymphoid organs by Iddm26.2. The analysis of Iddm26 congenic animals in two different SPF facilities demonstrated that the influence of this locus on T1D is environment-dependent.

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Objects referenced in this article
QTL Iddm26 Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus QTL 26 Rattus norvegicus

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