Pten (phosphatase and tensin homolog) - Rat Genome Database

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Gene: Pten (phosphatase and tensin homolog) Rattus norvegicus
Symbol: Pten
Name: phosphatase and tensin homolog
RGD ID: 61995
Description: Enables several functions, including PDZ domain binding activity; phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate 3-phosphatase activity; and signaling receptor binding activity. Involved in several processes, including cellular response to hormone stimulus; negative regulation of developmental growth; and positive regulation of cytokine production. Located in dendritic spine and postsynaptic membrane. Is active in postsynaptic cytosol. Used to study portal hypertension and substance-related disorder. Biomarker of several diseases, including acute myocardial infarction; glucose metabolism disease (multiple); liver disease (multiple); retinal disease (multiple); and transient cerebral ischemia. Human ortholog(s) of this gene implicated in several diseases, including PTEN hamartoma tumor syndrome (multiple); breast cancer (multiple); liver disease (multiple); nervous system cancer (multiple); and reproductive organ cancer (multiple). Orthologous to human PTEN (phosphatase and tensin homolog); PARTICIPATES IN altered phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase signaling pathway; altered phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-Akt signaling pathway; endometrial cancer pathway; INTERACTS WITH (+)-pilocarpine; (R)-noradrenaline; (S)-nicotine.
Type: protein-coding
RefSeq Status: VALIDATED
Previously known as: inositol polyphosphate 3-phosphatase; Mmac; MMAC1; mutated in multiple advanced cancers 1; phosphatase and tensin homolog (mutated in multiple advanced cancers 1); phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome ten; phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate 3-phosphatase and dual-specificity protein phosphatase PTEN; phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate 3-phosphatase and dual-specificity protein phosphatase PTEN; protein tyrosine phosphatase and tensin-like protein; TEP1
RGD Orthologs
Green Monkey
Naked Mole-Rat
Alliance Genes
More Info more info ...
Allele / Splice: Ptenem1Sage  
Genetic Models: SD-Ptenem1Sage
Latest Assembly: mRatBN7.2 - mRatBN7.2 Assembly
Rat AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
GRCr81240,043,707 - 240,110,330 (+)NCBIGRCr8
mRatBN7.21230,630,443 - 230,697,070 (+)NCBImRatBN7.2mRatBN7.2
mRatBN7.2 Ensembl1230,630,338 - 230,696,838 (+)EnsemblmRatBN7.2 Ensembl
UTH_Rnor_SHR_Utx1239,010,509 - 239,075,549 (+)NCBIRnor_SHRUTH_Rnor_SHR_Utx
UTH_Rnor_SHRSP_BbbUtx_1.01245,940,213 - 246,005,253 (+)NCBIRnor_SHRSPUTH_Rnor_SHRSP_BbbUtx_1.0
UTH_Rnor_WKY_Bbb_1.01238,778,317 - 238,843,363 (+)NCBIRnor_WKYUTH_Rnor_WKY_Bbb_1.0
Rnor_6.01251,421,814 - 251,487,634 (+)NCBIRnor6.0Rnor_6.0rn6Rnor6.0
Rnor_6.0 Ensembl1251,421,596 - 251,487,832 (+)EnsemblRnor6.0rn6Rnor6.0
Rnor_5.01258,651,829 - 258,717,009 (+)NCBIRnor5.0Rnor_5.0rn5Rnor5.0
RGSC_v3.41236,771,027 - 236,837,261 (+)NCBIRGSC3.4RGSC_v3.4rn4RGSC3.4
RGSC_v3.11236,935,049 - 237,001,284 (+)NCBI
Celera1227,746,622 - 227,812,108 (+)NCBICelera
Cytogenetic Map1q52NCBI
JBrowse: View Region in Genome Browser (JBrowse)

Disease Annotations     Click to see Annotation Detail View
acute lymphoblastic leukemia  (ISS)
acute megakaryocytic leukemia  (ISO)
acute myocardial infarction  (IEP,ISO)
adenocarcinoma  (ISO)
adenoid cystic carcinoma  (ISO)
angiomyolipoma  (ISO)
anisometropia  (ISO)
asthma  (ISO)
Ataxia  (ISO)
autism spectrum disorder  (ISO,ISS)
autistic disorder  (ISO)
bacterial pneumonia  (ISO)
Bannayan-Riley-Ruvalcaba syndrome  (ISO,ISS)
biliary atresia  (ISO)
bladder squamous cell carcinoma  (ISO)
brain disease  (ISS)
Brain Neoplasms  (ISO)
breast cancer  (ISO)
Breast Cancer, Familial  (ISO)
breast carcinoma  (ISO)
Breast Neoplasms  (ISO)
carcinoma  (ISO)
Cardiomegaly  (IEP,ISO)
Cardiovascular Abnormalities  (ISO)
cataract  (ISO)
cerebral cavernous malformation  (ISO)
cervix uteri carcinoma in situ  (ISO)
Chlamydiaceae Infections  (ISO)
cholangiocarcinoma  (ISO)
colon cancer  (ISO)
colon carcinoma  (ISO)
colorectal cancer  (ISO)
Colorectal Neoplasms  (ISO)
Congenital Hypomyelinating Neuropathy  (ISO)
Cowden syndrome  (ISO,ISS)
Cowden syndrome 4  (ISO)
Craniofacial Abnormalities  (ISO)
developmental coordination disorder  (ISO)
Developmental Disabilities  (ISO)
diabetes mellitus  (IEP)
Diabetic Nephropathies  (IEP)
diabetic retinopathy  (IEP)
diffuse large B-cell lymphoma  (ISO)
disease of cellular proliferation  (ISO)
Disease Progression  (ISO)
Ductal Carcinoma  (ISO)
endometrial adenocarcinoma  (ISO)
endometrial cancer  (ISS)
endometrial carcinoma  (ISO)
endometrial hyperplasia  (ISO)
Endometrial Intraepithelial Neoplasia  (ISO)
Endometrial Neoplasms  (ISO)
Endometrioid Carcinomas  (ISO)
epilepsy  (ISO)
Epstein-Barr virus infectious disease  (ISO)
esophageal cancer  (ISO)
Experimental Mammary Neoplasms  (ISO)
Experimental Melanoma  (ISO)
familial meningioma  (ISO)
fetal alcohol spectrum disorder  (IEP)
Follicular Thyroid Cancer  (ISO)
gastric adenocarcinoma  (ISO)
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms  (ISO)
Generalized Epilepsy  (ISO)
genetic disease  (ISO)
glioblastoma  (ISO)
head and neck squamous cell carcinoma  (ISO)
Helicobacter Infections  (ISO)
hemangioma  (ISO)
hemangiopericytoma  (ISO)
Hemimegalencephaly  (ISO)
hepatitis B  (ISO)
hepatocellular adenoma  (ISO)
hepatocellular carcinoma  (IEP,ISO,ISS)
Hepatomegaly  (ISO)
hereditary breast ovarian cancer syndrome  (ISO)
Hereditary Neoplastic Syndromes  (ISO)
high grade glioma  (ISO)
hyperinsulinism  (IEP)
hypertension  (ISO)
Hypertrophy  (ISO)
in situ carcinoma  (ISO)
Insulin Resistance  (IDA,ISO)
intellectual disability  (ISO)
intermediate coronary syndrome  (ISO)
intestinal pseudo-obstruction  (ISS)
Intimal Hyperplasia  (ISO)
intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma  (ISO)
juvenile polyposis syndrome  (ISO)
Language Development Disorders  (ISO)
Left Ventricular Hypertrophy  (IDA,IEP)
leiomyoma  (ISO)
leukemia  (ISO)
lipoma  (ISO)
lipomatosis  (ISO)
liver cirrhosis  (ISO)
long QT syndrome  (ISO)
lung adenocarcinoma  (ISO)
Lung Neoplasms  (ISO)
lung non-small cell carcinoma  (ISO)
lung oat cell carcinoma  (ISO)
lung small cell carcinoma  (ISO)
lung squamous cell carcinoma  (ISO)
Lymphatic Metastasis  (ISO)
lymphoma  (ISO)
Macrocephaly  (ISO)
macrocephaly-autism syndrome  (ISO,ISS)
major depressive disorder  (ISO)
melanoma  (ISO)
meningioma  (ISO)
metabolic dysfunction-associated steatotic liver disease  (ISO)
Mouth Neoplasms  (ISO)
Multiple Abnormalities  (ISO)
muscular dystrophy  (ISO)
myeloproliferative neoplasm  (ISO)
Myocardial Reperfusion Injury  (ISO)
Neoplasm Invasiveness  (ISO)
Neoplasm Metastasis  (ISO)
Neoplastic Cell Transformation  (ISO)
Nerve Sheath Neoplasms  (ISO)
Nervous System Malformations  (ISO)
Neurodevelopmental Disorders  (ISO)
Noonan syndrome with multiple lentigines  (ISO)
oral squamous cell carcinoma  (ISO)
osteochondrodysplasia  (ISO)
ovarian cancer  (ISO)
Ovarian Neoplasms  (ISO)
ovarian serous carcinoma  (ISO)
pancreatic cancer  (ISO)
papillary tumor of the pineal region  (ISO)
papillomavirus infectious disease  (ISO)
peripheral nervous system neoplasm  (ISO)
persistent fetal circulation syndrome  (ISS)
Pneumococcal Pneumonia  (ISO)
polydactyly  (ISO)
portal hypertension  (IDA)
prostate adenocarcinoma  (ISO)
prostate cancer  (ISO,ISS)
Prostate Cancer, Hereditary, 1  (ISO)
Prostate Cancer, Somatic  (ISO)
prostate carcinoma in situ  (ISO)
prostatic hypertrophy  (ISO)
Prostatic Neoplasms  (ISO)
Proteus syndrome  (ISO)
Pseudomonas Infections  (ISO)
PTEN hamartoma tumor syndrome  (ISO)
renal cell carcinoma  (IEP,ISO)
Renal Cell Carcinoma 1  (ISO)
Reperfusion Injury  (IMP,ISO)
retinitis pigmentosa  (IEP)
rhabdomyosarcoma  (ISO)
schizophrenia  (ISO)
Septic Peritonitis  (ISO)
Sezary's disease  (ISO)
silicosis  (ISO)
skin disease  (ISO)
skin melanoma  (ISO)
Skin Neoplasms  (ISO)
skin squamous cell carcinoma  (ISO)
Spinal Cord Injuries  (IEP)
sporadic breast cancer  (ISO)
squamous cell carcinoma  (ISO)
steatotic liver disease  (IEP,ISO,ISS)
stomach cancer  (ISO)
stomach disease  (IEP)
substance-related disorder  (IMP)
thyroid gland follicular carcinoma  (ISS)
Thyroid Neoplasms  (ISO)
transient cerebral ischemia  (IEP)
transitional cell carcinoma  (ISO)
urinary bladder cancer  (ISO,ISS)
uterine cancer  (ISO)
uterine carcinosarcoma  (ISO)
Uterine Cervical Neoplasms  (ISO)
uterine corpus cancer  (ISO)
visual epilepsy  (ISO)
X-linked VACTERL association  (ISO)

Gene-Chemical Interaction Annotations     Click to see Annotation Detail View
(+)-pilocarpine  (EXP)
(-)-epigallocatechin 3-gallate  (ISO)
(1->4)-beta-D-glucan  (ISO)
(R)-noradrenaline  (EXP)
(S)-naringenin  (ISO)
(S)-nicotine  (EXP)
1,2-dimethylhydrazine  (ISO)
1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine  (ISO)
15-deoxy-Delta(12,14)-prostaglandin J2  (ISO)
17alpha-ethynylestradiol  (EXP,ISO)
17beta-estradiol  (EXP,ISO)
17beta-hydroxy-17-methylestra-4,9,11-trien-3-one  (ISO)
1H-pyrazole  (ISO)
2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexachlorobiphenyl  (EXP,ISO)
2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzodioxine  (EXP,ISO)
2,3-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)propionitrile  (ISO)
2-acetamidofluorene  (EXP)
2-butoxyethanol  (ISO)
2-methylcholine  (ISO)
2-tert-butylhydroquinone  (ISO)
2-trans,6-trans,10-trans-geranylgeranyl diphosphate  (EXP)
3,3',5,5'-tetrabromobisphenol A  (EXP)
3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine  (ISO)
3-chloropropane-1,2-diol  (EXP)
3-isobutyl-1-methyl-7H-xanthine  (ISO)
3H-1,2-dithiole-3-thione  (EXP)
4-hydroxyphenyl retinamide  (ISO)
4-nitrophenol  (ISO)
4-nonylphenol  (EXP)
5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine  (ISO)
5-azacytidine  (ISO)
5-fluorouracil  (ISO)
5-methoxypsoralen  (ISO)
9-cis-retinoic acid  (ISO)
acrylamide  (EXP)
aflatoxin B1  (ISO)
AICA ribonucleotide  (ISO)
all-trans-retinoic acid  (ISO)
allyl isothiocyanate  (ISO)
ammonium chloride  (EXP,ISO)
anthra[1,9-cd]pyrazol-6(2H)-one  (ISO)
antimycin A  (ISO)
antirheumatic drug  (ISO)
aristolochic acid A  (ISO)
arsane  (ISO)
arsenic atom  (ISO)
arsenite(3-)  (ISO)
arsenous acid  (ISO)
astaxanthin  (ISO)
atorvastatin calcium  (EXP)
benomyl  (EXP)
benzene  (EXP)
benzo[a]pyrene  (ISO)
benzo[a]pyrene diol epoxide I  (ISO)
Benzo[ghi]perylene  (ISO)
berberine  (ISO)
bicalutamide  (ISO)
bilirubin IXalpha  (ISO)
biliverdin  (ISO)
bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate  (EXP,ISO)
bisphenol A  (EXP,ISO)
Bisphenol A diglycidyl ether  (ISO)
Bisphenol B  (ISO)
bisphenol F  (ISO)
bleomycin A2  (ISO)
Butylbenzyl phthalate  (ISO)
cadmium atom  (ISO)
cadmium dichloride  (EXP,ISO)
calciol  (ISO)
camptothecin  (ISO)
cannabidiol  (ISO)
cantharidin  (ISO)
carbamazepine  (ISO)
carbon monoxide  (ISO)
carbon nanotube  (ISO)
carnosic acid  (ISO)
celastrol  (EXP)
chloroquine  (ISO)
chlorpyrifos  (ISO)
choline  (ISO)
ciglitazone  (EXP)
ciguatoxin CTX1B  (ISO)
cilostazol  (EXP,ISO)
cisplatin  (ISO)
cladribine  (ISO)
clodronic acid  (ISO)
cobalt dichloride  (EXP,ISO)
cocaine  (ISO)
copper atom  (ISO)
copper(0)  (ISO)
copper(II) sulfate  (ISO)
corticosterone  (ISO)
coumestrol  (ISO)
crocidolite asbestos  (ISO)
cucurbitacin E  (ISO)
curcumin  (ISO)
cycloheximide  (ISO)
cytarabine  (ISO)
D-glucitol  (EXP,ISO)
dactolisib  (ISO)
daunorubicin  (ISO)
deoxynivalenol  (ISO)
dexamethasone  (ISO)
dextran sulfate  (ISO)
diarsenic trioxide  (ISO)
diazinon  (EXP,ISO)
dibenzo[a,l]pyrene  (ISO)
dibutyl phthalate  (EXP,ISO)
diclofenac  (ISO)
dicrotophos  (ISO)
dieldrin  (ISO)
diethylstilbestrol  (EXP,ISO)
digitoxin  (ISO)
dioxygen  (ISO)
disulfiram  (ISO)
dorsomorphin  (ISO)
doxorubicin  (EXP,ISO)
endosulfan  (EXP)
enzyme inhibitor  (ISO)
ethanol  (EXP,ISO)
ethyl methanesulfonate  (ISO)
etoposide  (ISO)
fenhexamid  (ISO)
ferulic acid  (EXP)
flavanone  (ISO)
fludioxonil  (ISO)
flutamide  (EXP)
folic acid  (ISO)
formaldehyde  (ISO)
fructose  (EXP)
fulvestrant  (ISO)
gallic acid  (ISO)
gefitinib  (EXP)
gemcitabine  (ISO)
genistein  (ISO)
geraniol  (EXP)
ginsenoside Rg1  (ISO)
glufosinate  (ISO)
gossypetin  (ISO)
graphene oxide  (ISO)
hemin  (ISO)
hesperetin  (EXP)
hexadecanoic acid  (EXP)
hydrogen peroxide  (ISO)
hydroxyflutamide  (EXP)
indometacin  (ISO)
isoprenaline  (EXP,ISO)
ketoconazole  (EXP)
L-methionine  (ISO)
lead(0)  (ISO)
leflunomide  (ISO)
linsidomine  (EXP)
lipopolysaccharide  (EXP,ISO)
lovastatin  (EXP,ISO)
lupeol  (ISO)
luteolin  (EXP)
LY294002  (EXP,ISO)
maculosin  (ISO)
malonaldehyde  (ISO)
mercury dichloride  (ISO)
metformin  (EXP)
methamphetamine  (EXP)
methidathion  (ISO)
methotrexate  (ISO)
methoxychlor  (EXP)
methyl methanesulfonate  (ISO)
methylarsonic acid  (EXP,ISO)
methylmercury chloride  (EXP,ISO)
methylmercury(1+)  (EXP,ISO)
methylseleninic acid  (ISO)
mevinphos  (EXP)
microcystin-LR  (ISO)
mono(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate  (ISO)
morin  (EXP)
N-acetyl-L-cysteine  (EXP,ISO)
N-benzyloxycarbonyl-L-leucyl-L-leucyl-L-leucinal  (EXP,ISO)
N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea  (ISO)
N-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium  (ISO)
N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine  (EXP,ISO)
N-methyl-N-nitrosourea  (ISO)
N-nitrosodiethylamine  (EXP,ISO)
nefazodone  (EXP)
nickel dichloride  (ISO)
nickel sulfate  (ISO)
niclosamide  (ISO)
nicotine  (EXP)
Nonylphenol  (EXP)
ochratoxin A  (ISO)
oleanolic acid  (ISO)
omacetaxine mepesuccinate  (ISO)
orlistat  (ISO)
osthole  (ISO)
oxybenzone  (ISO)
paclitaxel  (ISO)
paracetamol  (EXP,ISO)
paraquat  (EXP)
paxilline  (ISO)
perfluorohexanesulfonic acid  (ISO)
perfluorooctane-1-sulfonic acid  (ISO)
perfluorooctanoic acid  (ISO)
peroxynitrous acid  (EXP)
phenobarbital  (EXP,ISO)
phosphatidylcholine  (ISO)
phosphatidylethanolamine  (ISO)
pioglitazone  (ISO)
pirinixic acid  (ISO)
plumbagin  (EXP)
potassium iodide  (EXP)
procymidone  (EXP)
progesterone  (EXP,ISO)
propofol  (ISO)
quartz  (ISO)
quercetin  (EXP,ISO)
reactive oxygen species  (ISO)
resorcinol  (ISO)
resveratrol  (ISO)
rimonabant  (EXP)
rivastigmine  (EXP)
rotenone  (ISO)
rutin  (ISO)
S-butyl-DL-homocysteine (S,R)-sulfoximine  (ISO)
SB 203580  (ISO)
SB 431542  (ISO)
silicon dioxide  (ISO)
simvastatin  (ISO)
sirolimus  (EXP,ISO)
sodium arsenate  (EXP,ISO)
sodium arsenite  (EXP,ISO)
sodium fluoride  (ISO)
streptozocin  (EXP)
sunitinib  (ISO)
tamoxifen  (ISO)
tert-butyl hydroperoxide  (ISO)
testosterone  (EXP,ISO)
Tetrachlorobisphenol A  (ISO)
tetrachloromethane  (EXP)
tetracycline  (ISO)
thalidomide  (ISO)
thymoquinone  (ISO)
titanium dioxide  (ISO)
toluene 2,4-diisocyanate  (ISO)
tributylstannane  (ISO)
Tributyltin oxide  (ISO)
trichloroethene  (EXP)
trichostatin A  (ISO)
triphenyl phosphate  (EXP)
Triptolide  (ISO)
trovafloxacin  (ISO)
tubastatin A  (ISO)
urethane  (ISO)
valproic acid  (EXP,ISO)
veliparib  (ISO)
vinclozolin  (EXP)
vinyl carbamate  (ISO)
vorinostat  (ISO)
WIN 55212-2  (EXP)
wortmannin  (EXP,ISO)
zearalenone  (ISO)
zinc atom  (ISO)
zinc sulfate  (EXP,ISO)
zinc(0)  (ISO)

Gene Ontology Annotations     Click to see Annotation Detail View

Biological Process
adult behavior  (ISO)
angiogenesis  (ISO)
apoptotic process  (IEA,ISO)
B cell proliferation  (ISO)
brain morphogenesis  (ISO)
canonical Wnt signaling pathway  (ISO)
cardiac muscle tissue development  (ISO)
cell migration  (ISO)
cell motility  (IBA,IEA)
cell population proliferation  (ISO)
cellular response to decreased oxygen levels  (ISO)
cellular response to electrical stimulus  (ISO)
cellular response to ethanol  (IDA)
cellular response to hypoxia  (ISO)
cellular response to insulin stimulus  (IDA)
cellular response to insulin-like growth factor stimulus  (IDA)
cellular response to leptin stimulus  (IMP)
cellular response to nerve growth factor stimulus  (IEP)
central nervous system development  (ISO)
central nervous system myelin maintenance  (ISO)
central nervous system neuron axonogenesis  (ISO)
dendritic spine morphogenesis  (ISO)
dentate gyrus development  (ISO)
endothelial cell migration  (ISO)
forebrain morphogenesis  (ISO)
gene expression  (ISO)
heart development  (ISO)
inositol phosphate catabolic process  (IDA)
learning or memory  (ISO)
locomotor rhythm  (ISO)
locomotory behavior  (ISO)
long-term synaptic depression  (IMP)
long-term synaptic potentiation  (ISO)
male mating behavior  (ISO)
maternal behavior  (ISO)
memory  (IMP)
multicellular organismal response to stress  (ISO)
myelination  (ISO)
negative regulation of apoptotic process  (IMP,ISO)
negative regulation of axon regeneration  (ISO)
negative regulation of axonogenesis  (ISO)
negative regulation of B cell proliferation  (ISO)
negative regulation of cardiac muscle cell proliferation  (IMP,ISO)
negative regulation of cell cycle  (IMP)
negative regulation of cell cycle G1/S phase transition  (ISO)
negative regulation of cell migration  (ISO)
negative regulation of cell population proliferation  (IBA,IDA,IEA,ISO)
negative regulation of cell size  (ISO)
negative regulation of cellular senescence  (ISO)
negative regulation of defense response to bacterium  (IMP)
negative regulation of dendrite extension  (IMP)
negative regulation of dendritic spine morphogenesis  (ISO)
negative regulation of epithelial cell proliferation  (ISO)
negative regulation of epithelial to mesenchymal transition  (ISO)
negative regulation of excitatory postsynaptic potential  (ISO)
negative regulation of focal adhesion assembly  (ISO)
negative regulation of G1/S transition of mitotic cell cycle  (ISO)
negative regulation of keratinocyte migration  (ISO)
negative regulation of myelination  (ISO)
negative regulation of neuron projection development  (IDA)
negative regulation of organ growth  (ISO)
negative regulation of peptidyl-serine phosphorylation  (ISO)
negative regulation of phagocytosis  (IMP)
negative regulation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B signal transduction  (ISO)
negative regulation of potassium ion transmembrane transporter activity  (IMP)
negative regulation of protein phosphorylation  (ISO)
negative regulation of ribosome biogenesis  (ISO)
negative regulation of signaling receptor activity  (IMP)
negative regulation of synaptic vesicle clustering  (ISO)
negative regulation of T cell proliferation  (ISO)
negative regulation of vascular associated smooth muscle cell proliferation  (ISO)
negative regulation of wound healing, spreading of epidermal cells  (ISO)
nervous system development  (IEA)
neuron projection development  (IDA)
neuron-neuron synaptic transmission  (ISO)
phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B signal transduction  (ISO)
phosphatidylinositol dephosphorylation  (IBA,IDA,IEA,IMP,ISO)
platelet-derived growth factor receptor signaling pathway  (IDA)
positive regulation of apoptotic process  (IMP)
positive regulation of apoptotic signaling pathway  (ISO)
positive regulation of cardiac muscle cell apoptotic process  (IMP)
positive regulation of cell population proliferation  (ISO)
positive regulation of ERK1 and ERK2 cascade  (ISO)
positive regulation of excitatory postsynaptic potential  (ISO)
positive regulation of gene expression  (IMP)
positive regulation of interleukin-6 production  (IMP)
positive regulation of neuron differentiation  (IMP)
positive regulation of tumor necrosis factor production  (IMP)
positive regulation of ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process  (ISO)
postsynaptic density assembly  (ISO)
prepulse inhibition  (ISO)
presynaptic membrane assembly  (ISO)
prostate gland growth  (ISO)
protein dephosphorylation  (IMP)
protein stabilization  (ISO)
regulation of axon regeneration  (ISO)
regulation of B cell apoptotic process  (ISO)
regulation of cell cycle  (ISO)
regulation of cellular component size  (ISO)
regulation of cellular localization  (ISO)
regulation of Fc receptor mediated stimulatory signaling pathway  (IMP)
regulation of macrophage apoptotic process  (ISO)
regulation of neuron projection development  (ISO)
regulation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B signal transduction  (IBA,IEA)
regulation of protein stability  (ISO)
regulation of synaptic transmission, GABAergic  (ISO)
response to activity  (IEP)
response to arsenic-containing substance  (IEP)
response to ATP  (IEP)
response to estradiol  (IEP)
response to ethanol  (IEP)
response to glucose  (IEP)
response to inorganic substance  (IEP)
response to nutrient  (IEP)
response to organic cyclic compound  (IEP)
response to organic substance  (IEP)
response to xenobiotic stimulus  (IEP)
response to zinc ion  (IEP)
rhythmic synaptic transmission  (ISO)
social behavior  (ISO)
spindle assembly involved in female meiosis  (ISO)
synapse assembly  (ISO)
synapse maturation  (ISO)
T cell proliferation  (ISO)

Cellular Component


References - curated
# Reference Title Reference Citation
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100. SMPDB Annotation Import Pipeline Pipeline to import SMPDB annotations from SMPDB into RGD
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104. GOA pipeline RGD automated data pipeline
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106. Data Import for Chemical-Gene Interactions RGD automated import pipeline for gene-chemical interactions
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118. AKT activation promotes PTEN hamartoma tumor syndrome-associated cataract development. Sellitto C, etal., J Clin Invest. 2013 Dec;123(12):5401-9. doi: 10.1172/JCI70437. Epub 2013 Nov 25.
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123. Identification of a candidate tumour suppressor gene, MMAC1, at chromosome 10q23.3 that is mutated in multiple advanced cancers. Steck PA, etal., Nat Genet. 1997 Apr;15(4):356-62.
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125. In utero exposure to maternal diets containing soy protein isolate, but not genistein alone, protects young adult rat offspring from NMU-induced mammary tumorigenesis. Su Y, etal., Carcinogenesis. 2007 May;28(5):1046-51. Epub 2006 Dec 13.
126. Hepatitis B virus-triggered PTEN/β-catenin/c-Myc signaling enhances PD-L1 expression to promote immune evasion. Sun Y, etal., Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2020 Jan 1;318(1):G162-G173. doi: 10.1152/ajpgi.00197.2019. Epub 2019 Oct 11.
127. Localization of 54 rat genes, and definition of new synteny groups conserved in the human and the rat. Szpirer C, etal., Mamm Genome 2000 Sep;11(9):729-35
128. Overexpression of PTEN in ovarian cancer cells suppresses i.p. dissemination and extends survival in mice. Takei Y, etal., Mol Cancer Ther. 2008 Mar;7(3):704-11. doi: 10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-06-0724.
129. Aging gastropathy-novel mechanisms: hypoxia, up-regulation of multifunctional phosphatase PTEN, and proapoptotic factors. Tarnawski A, etal., Gastroenterology. 2007 Dec;133(6):1938-47. Epub 2007 Aug 21.
130. Tentative Sequence Identification Numbers Tentative Sequence Data IDs. TIGR Gene Index, Rat Data
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132. Abnormal PTEN expression in portal hypertensive gastric mucosa: a key to impaired PI 3-kinase/Akt activation and delayed injury healing? Tsugawa K, etal., FASEB J. 2003 Dec;17(15):2316-8. Epub 2003 Oct 2.
133. Absence of PTEN/MMAC1 gene mutations in lung adenocarcinomas induced by N-nitrosobis(2-hydroxypropyl)amine in rats. Tsujiuchi T, etal., Cancer Lett 2001 Jan 26;162(2):207-11.
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135. PTEN down-regulation by unsaturated fatty acids triggers hepatic steatosis via an NF-kappaBp65/mTOR-dependent mechanism. Vinciguerra M, etal., Gastroenterology. 2008 Jan;134(1):268-80. Epub 2007 Oct 10.
136. Pten and Dicer1 loss in the mouse uterus causes poorly differentiated endometrial adenocarcinoma. Wang X, etal., Oncogene. 2020 Oct;39(40):6286-6299. doi: 10.1038/s41388-020-01434-5. Epub 2020 Aug 25.
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138. PDZ domains of Par-3 as potential phosphoinositide signaling integrators. Wu H, etal., Mol Cell. 2007 Dec 14;28(5):886-98.
139. MicroRNA-494-3p protects rat cardiomyocytes against septic shock via PTEN. Wu P, etal., Exp Ther Med. 2019 Mar;17(3):1706-1716. doi: 10.3892/etm.2018.7116. Epub 2018 Dec 19.
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142. Zinc-induced PTEN protein degradation through the proteasome pathway in human airway epithelial cells. Wu W, etal., J Biol Chem 2003 Jul 25;278(30):28258-63. Epub 2003 May 12.
143. Zhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi Wu Y and Hu YE, Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi. 2005 Mar;33(3):265-8.
144. MicroRNA-21 promotes cell proliferation, migration, and resistance to apoptosis through PTEN/PI3K/AKT signaling pathway in esophageal cancer. Wu YR, etal., Tumour Biol. 2016 Sep;37(9):12061-12070. doi: 10.1007/s13277-016-5074-2. Epub 2016 May 17.
145. PTEN catalysis of phospholipid dephosphorylation reaction follows a two-step mechanism in which the conserved aspartate-92 does not function as the general acid--mechanistic analysis of a familial Cowden disease-associated PTEN mutation. Xiao Y, etal., Cell Signal. 2007 Jul;19(7):1434-45. Epub 2007 Jan 25.
146. PRL-3 promotes the peritoneal metastasis of gastric cancer through the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway by regulating PTEN. Xiong J, etal., Oncol Rep. 2016 Oct;36(4):1819-28. doi: 10.3892/or.2016.5030. Epub 2016 Aug 23.
147. Ethanol impairs insulin-stimulated neuronal survival in the developing brain: role of PTEN phosphatase. Xu J, etal., J Biol Chem. 2003 Jul 18;278(29):26929-37. Epub 2003 Apr 16.
148. Loss of Pten synergizes with c-Met to promote hepatocellular carcinoma development via mTORC2 pathway. Xu Z, etal., Exp Mol Med. 2018 Jan 5;50(1):e417. doi: 10.1038/emm.2017.158.
149. PTEN deficiency causes dyschondroplasia in mice by enhanced hypoxia-inducible factor 1alpha signaling and endoplasmic reticulum stress. Yang G, etal., Development. 2008 Nov;135(21):3587-97. doi: 10.1242/dev.028118. Epub 2008 Oct 2.
150. MicroRNA-214 Inhibits Left Ventricular Remodeling in an Acute Myocardial Infarction Rat Model by Suppressing Cellular Apoptosis via the Phosphatase and Tensin Homolog (PTEN). Yang X, etal., Int Heart J. 2016;57(2):247-50. doi: 10.1536/ihj.15-293. Epub 2016 Mar 11.
151. Phosphorylation and inactivation of PTEN at residues Ser380/Thr382/383 induced by Helicobacter pylori promotes gastric epithelial cell survival through PI3K/Akt pathway. Yang Z, etal., Oncotarget. 2015 Oct 13;6(31):31916-26. doi: 10.18632/oncotarget.5577.
152. Hepatic insulin resistance induced by prenatal alcohol exposure is associated with reduced PTEN and TRB3 acetylation in adult rat offspring. Yao XH and Nyomba BL, Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2008 Apr 2;.
153. Potential role of PTEN phosphatase in ethanol-impaired survival signaling in the liver. Yeon JE, etal., Hepatology 2003 Sep;38(3):703-14.
154. FISH analysis of 107 prostate cancers shows that PTEN genomic deletion is associated with poor clinical outcome. Yoshimoto M, etal., Br J Cancer. 2007 Sep 3;97(5):678-85. Epub 2007 Aug 14.
155. MicroRNA-21 (miR-21) represses tumor suppressor PTEN and promotes growth and invasion in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Zhang JG, etal., Clin Chim Acta. 2010 Jun 3;411(11-12):846-52. doi: 10.1016/j.cca.2010.02.074. Epub 2010 Mar 16.
156. Critical role of PTEN in the coupling between PI3K/Akt and JNK1/2 signaling in ischemic brain injury. Zhang QG, etal., FEBS Lett. 2007 Feb 6;581(3):495-505. Epub 2007 Jan 16.
157. [Expression and significance of P16INK4A and PTEN in high-risk human papillomavirus-related cervical cancer] Zhao XL, etal., Ai Zheng. 2007 May;26(5):480-3.
158. microRNA-222 targeting PTEN promotes neurite outgrowth from adult dorsal root ganglion neurons following sciatic nerve transection. Zhou S, etal., PLoS One. 2012;7(9):e44768. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0044768. Epub 2012 Sep 13.
159. The adenovirus-mediated transfer of PTEN inhibits the growth of esophageal cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. Zhou YA, etal., Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2010;74(4):736-40. doi: 10.1271/bbb.90787. Epub 2010 Apr 7.
160. [PTEN negatively regulates isoproterenol-induced cardiac hypertrophy and effects of captopril on PTEN expression] Zhou YZ, etal., Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi. 2005 Aug;33(8):738-42.
161. MicroRNA-494 improves functional recovery and inhibits apoptosis by modulating PTEN/AKT/mTOR pathway in rats after spinal cord injury. Zhu H, etal., Biomed Pharmacother. 2017 Aug;92:879-887. doi: 10.1016/j.biopha.2017.05.143. Epub 2017 Jun 7.
162. PTEN and VEGF: possible predictors for sentinel lymph node micro-metastasis in breast cancer. Zhu L, etal., Biomed Pharmacother. 2007 Oct;61(9):558-61. Epub 2007 Sep 17.
163. PTEN: a crucial mediator of mitochondria-dependent apoptosis. Zhu Y, etal., Apoptosis. 2006 Feb;11(2):197-207.
164. Phosphatase and tensin homolog in cerebral cavernous malformation: a potential role in pathological angiogenesis. Zhu Y, etal., J Neurosurg. 2009 Mar;110(3):530-9. doi: 10.3171/2008.7.17626.
165. PTEN inhibitors cause a negative inotropic and chronotropic effect in mice. Zu L, etal., Eur J Pharmacol. 2011 Jan 10;650(1):298-302. doi: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2010.09.069. Epub 2010 Oct 14.
Additional References at PubMed
PMID:9187108   PMID:9256433   PMID:9593664   PMID:9616126   PMID:9778245   PMID:9811831   PMID:9990064   PMID:10339565   PMID:10468583   PMID:10646847   PMID:10760291   PMID:10866658  
PMID:10918569   PMID:10940933   PMID:12091320   PMID:12461751   PMID:14522255   PMID:15755804   PMID:15968641   PMID:15994948   PMID:16027168   PMID:16027169   PMID:16107612   PMID:16675393  
PMID:16762504   PMID:16821090   PMID:16845383   PMID:16951163   PMID:17218261   PMID:17706614   PMID:17880912   PMID:17893321   PMID:18082964   PMID:18332125   PMID:18562292   PMID:18586681  
PMID:18931933   PMID:18983770   PMID:19057511   PMID:19080402   PMID:19114034   PMID:19142997   PMID:19147652   PMID:19208814   PMID:19276401   PMID:19309364   PMID:19436944   PMID:19553907  
PMID:19623194   PMID:19703128   PMID:19778506   PMID:19778579   PMID:20051384   PMID:20100827   PMID:20123964   PMID:20237282   PMID:20347952   PMID:20360540   PMID:20448149   PMID:20610402  
PMID:20610765   PMID:20730910   PMID:20815283   PMID:20830745   PMID:20940307   PMID:21084616   PMID:21162269   PMID:21166162   PMID:21185267   PMID:21189582   PMID:21241890   PMID:21266327  
PMID:21411674   PMID:21529704   PMID:21573166   PMID:21618527   PMID:21664258   PMID:21828076   PMID:21861051   PMID:21940949   PMID:22205501   PMID:22301622   PMID:22317922   PMID:22413754  
PMID:22561258   PMID:22687987   PMID:22735908   PMID:22746319   PMID:22841775   PMID:22879939   PMID:22887358   PMID:23041795   PMID:23399867   PMID:23524257   PMID:23533567   PMID:23575307  
PMID:23637190   PMID:23686705   PMID:23726960   PMID:23783805   PMID:23799014   PMID:23904244   PMID:23978520   PMID:24297385   PMID:24676391   PMID:24680972   PMID:24733831   PMID:24766807  
PMID:24824654   PMID:24862762   PMID:24875179   PMID:25007873   PMID:25057197   PMID:25335889   PMID:25512490   PMID:25665754   PMID:25787292   PMID:25871970   PMID:25889774   PMID:25918024  
PMID:26130252   PMID:26203138   PMID:26208095   PMID:26228367   PMID:26232589   PMID:26280536   PMID:26296331   PMID:26299948   PMID:26415649   PMID:26471078   PMID:26541756   PMID:26591002  
PMID:26609164   PMID:26660904   PMID:26674985   PMID:27230112   PMID:27297622   PMID:27391443   PMID:27708252   PMID:27747225   PMID:27836791   PMID:27919618   PMID:28063931   PMID:28281184  
PMID:28368292   PMID:28374893   PMID:28542730   PMID:28601397   PMID:28695481   PMID:28701356   PMID:28807003   PMID:28842516   PMID:28925480   PMID:29054970   PMID:29305963   PMID:29440462  
PMID:29454667   PMID:29506055   PMID:29566365   PMID:29649487   PMID:30030400   PMID:30267829   PMID:30321515   PMID:30368869   PMID:30654931   PMID:31088038   PMID:31091855   PMID:31106896  
PMID:31120592   PMID:31144461   PMID:31432320   PMID:31454541   PMID:31537899   PMID:31557405   PMID:31702028   PMID:31814541   PMID:31837294   PMID:31842626   PMID:31858563   PMID:32037610  
PMID:32052426   PMID:32495857   PMID:32591959   PMID:32819563   PMID:32888649   PMID:33180227   PMID:33188203   PMID:33456568   PMID:33652126   PMID:33712741   PMID:33730297   PMID:33777313  
PMID:34080640   PMID:34218417   PMID:34435045   PMID:34506261   PMID:34633595   PMID:35012910   PMID:35034538   PMID:35121403   PMID:35152668   PMID:35436530   PMID:35717938   PMID:35878435  
PMID:35985997   PMID:37084543   PMID:37178238   PMID:37393018   PMID:37589761   PMID:38092760   PMID:38279488  


Comparative Map Data
(Rattus norvegicus - Norway rat)
Rat AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
GRCr81240,043,707 - 240,110,330 (+)NCBIGRCr8
mRatBN7.21230,630,443 - 230,697,070 (+)NCBImRatBN7.2mRatBN7.2
mRatBN7.2 Ensembl1230,630,338 - 230,696,838 (+)EnsemblmRatBN7.2 Ensembl
UTH_Rnor_SHR_Utx1239,010,509 - 239,075,549 (+)NCBIRnor_SHRUTH_Rnor_SHR_Utx
UTH_Rnor_SHRSP_BbbUtx_1.01245,940,213 - 246,005,253 (+)NCBIRnor_SHRSPUTH_Rnor_SHRSP_BbbUtx_1.0
UTH_Rnor_WKY_Bbb_1.01238,778,317 - 238,843,363 (+)NCBIRnor_WKYUTH_Rnor_WKY_Bbb_1.0
Rnor_6.01251,421,814 - 251,487,634 (+)NCBIRnor6.0Rnor_6.0rn6Rnor6.0
Rnor_6.0 Ensembl1251,421,596 - 251,487,832 (+)EnsemblRnor6.0rn6Rnor6.0
Rnor_5.01258,651,829 - 258,717,009 (+)NCBIRnor5.0Rnor_5.0rn5Rnor5.0
RGSC_v3.41236,771,027 - 236,837,261 (+)NCBIRGSC3.4RGSC_v3.4rn4RGSC3.4
RGSC_v3.11236,935,049 - 237,001,284 (+)NCBI
Celera1227,746,622 - 227,812,108 (+)NCBICelera
Cytogenetic Map1q52NCBI
(Homo sapiens - human)
Human AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
GRCh381087,863,625 - 87,971,930 (+)NCBIGRCh38GRCh38hg38GRCh38
GRCh38.p14 Ensembl1087,862,638 - 87,971,930 (+)EnsemblGRCh38hg38GRCh38
GRCh371089,623,382 - 89,731,687 (+)NCBIGRCh37GRCh37hg19GRCh37
Build 361089,613,175 - 89,718,512 (+)NCBINCBI36Build 36hg18NCBI36
Build 341089,613,174 - 89,716,382NCBI
Celera1083,369,676 - 83,474,975 (+)NCBICelera
Cytogenetic Map10q23.31NCBI
HuRef1083,258,013 - 83,363,313 (+)NCBIHuRef
CHM1_11089,905,493 - 90,010,826 (+)NCBICHM1_1
T2T-CHM13v2.01088,747,528 - 88,855,830 (+)NCBIT2T-CHM13v2.0
(Mus musculus - house mouse)
Mouse AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
GRCm391932,734,977 - 32,803,560 (+)NCBIGRCm39GRCm39mm39
GRCm39 Ensembl1932,734,897 - 32,803,560 (+)EnsemblGRCm39 Ensembl
GRCm381932,757,577 - 32,826,160 (+)NCBIGRCm38GRCm38mm10GRCm38
GRCm38.p6 Ensembl1932,757,497 - 32,826,160 (+)EnsemblGRCm38mm10GRCm38
MGSCv371932,832,067 - 32,900,650 (+)NCBIGRCm37MGSCv37mm9NCBIm37
MGSCv361932,823,574 - 32,892,157 (+)NCBIMGSCv36mm8
Celera1933,541,182 - 33,610,051 (+)NCBICelera
Cytogenetic Map19C1NCBI
cM Map1928.14NCBI
(Chinchilla lanigera - long-tailed chinchilla)
Chinchilla AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
ChiLan1.0 EnsemblNW_0049554255,014,147 - 5,091,829 (-)EnsemblChiLan1.0
ChiLan1.0NW_0049554255,007,811 - 5,091,829 (-)NCBIChiLan1.0ChiLan1.0
(Pan paniscus - bonobo/pygmy chimpanzee)
Bonobo AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
NHGRI_mPanPan1-v2899,880,836 - 99,988,640 (+)NCBINHGRI_mPanPan1-v2
NHGRI_mPanPan11099,886,147 - 99,990,806 (+)NCBINHGRI_mPanPan1
Mhudiblu_PPA_v01084,587,841 - 84,689,043 (+)NCBIMhudiblu_PPA_v0Mhudiblu_PPA_v0panPan3
PanPan1.11088,093,539 - 88,197,902 (+)NCBIpanpan1.1PanPan1.1panPan2
PanPan1.1 Ensembl1088,093,539 - 88,194,605 (+)Ensemblpanpan1.1panPan2
(Canis lupus familiaris - dog)
Dog AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
CanFam3.12637,853,148 - 37,913,176 (+)NCBICanFam3.1CanFam3.1canFam3CanFam3.1
CanFam3.1 Ensembl2637,835,661 - 37,913,176 (+)EnsemblCanFam3.1canFam3CanFam3.1
Dog10K_Boxer_Tasha2637,711,222 - 37,730,964 (+)NCBIDog10K_Boxer_Tasha
ROS_Cfam_1.02639,359,420 - 39,447,205 (+)NCBIROS_Cfam_1.0
ROS_Cfam_1.0 Ensembl2639,359,407 - 39,447,189 (+)EnsemblROS_Cfam_1.0 Ensembl
UMICH_Zoey_3.12637,265,630 - 37,349,813 (+)NCBIUMICH_Zoey_3.1
UNSW_CanFamBas_1.02636,847,668 - 36,931,645 (+)NCBIUNSW_CanFamBas_1.0
UU_Cfam_GSD_1.02638,118,261 - 38,202,372 (+)NCBIUU_Cfam_GSD_1.0
(Ictidomys tridecemlineatus - thirteen-lined ground squirrel)
Squirrel AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
HiC_Itri_2NW_02440721377,454,602 - 77,542,975 (+)NCBIHiC_Itri_2
SpeTri2.0 EnsemblNW_0049367351,252,414 - 1,338,323 (-)EnsemblSpeTri2.0SpeTri2.0 Ensembl
SpeTri2.0NW_0049367351,252,414 - 1,338,318 (-)NCBISpeTri2.0SpeTri2.0SpeTri2.0
(Sus scrofa - pig)
Pig AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
Sscrofa11.11499,929,590 - 100,021,619 (+)NCBISscrofa11.1Sscrofa11.1susScr11Sscrofa11.1
Sscrofa10.214108,911,519 - 109,003,081 (+)NCBISscrofa10.2Sscrofa10.2susScr3
(Chlorocebus sabaeus - green monkey)
Green Monkey AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
ChlSab1.1981,308,058 - 81,412,386 (+)NCBIChlSab1.1ChlSab1.1chlSab2
ChlSab1.1 Ensembl981,309,099 - 81,409,146 (+)EnsemblChlSab1.1ChlSab1.1 EnsemblchlSab2
Vero_WHO_p1.0NW_02366604841,972,612 - 42,077,014 (+)NCBIVero_WHO_p1.0Vero_WHO_p1.0
(Heterocephalus glaber - naked mole-rat)
Naked Mole-Rat AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
HetGla 1.0NW_00462479113,975,235 - 14,056,900 (+)NCBIHetGla_female_1.0HetGla 1.0hetGla2


Variants in Pten
312 total Variants
miRNA Target Status

Confirmed Target Of
miRNA GeneMature miRNAMethod NameResult TypeData TypeSupport TypePMID
Mir21rno-miR-21-5pMirtarbaseexternal_infoMicroarray//qRT-PCR//Western blotFunctional MTI17478730

Predicted Target Of
Summary Value
Count of predictions:71
Count of miRNA genes:60
Interacting mature miRNAs:67
Prediction methods:Microtar, Miranda, Rnahybrid, Targetscan
Result types:miRGate_prediction

The detailed report is available here: Full Report CSV TAB Printer

miRNA Target Status data imported from miRGate (
For more information about miRGate, see PMID:25858286 or access the full paper here.

QTLs in Region (mRatBN7.2)
The following QTLs overlap with this region.    Full Report CSV TAB Printer Gviewer
RGD IDSymbolNameLODP ValueTraitSub TraitChrStartStopSpecies
7794788Mcs32Mammary carcinoma susceptibility QTL 322.61mammary gland integrity trait (VT:0010552)mammary tumor incidence/prevalence measurement (CMO:0000946)1115540693238914717Rat
7421630Bp362Blood pressure QTL 3620.001arterial blood pressure trait (VT:2000000)mean arterial blood pressure (CMO:0000009)1118608292241799120Rat
2302378Insul11Insulin level QTL 113.25blood insulin amount (VT:0001560)serum insulin level (CMO:0000358)1144267353251128347Rat
724531Uae5Urinary albumin excretion QTL 54urine albumin amount (VT:0002871)urine albumin level (CMO:0000130)1150700142252085212Rat
1578759Uae30Urinary albumin excretion QTL 303.30.003urine albumin amount (VT:0002871)urine albumin excretion rate (CMO:0000757)1150700247252085048Rat
1578778Pur4Proteinuria QTL 43.30.003urine total protein amount (VT:0000032)urine total protein excretion rate (CMO:0000756)1150700247252085048Rat
1354610Bw34Body weight QTL 344.1body mass (VT:0001259)body weight (CMO:0000012)1151162512256448636Rat
1354646Kidm18Kidney mass QTL 185.7kidney mass (VT:0002707)calculated kidney weight (CMO:0000160)1151162512256448636Rat
1354661Bw33Body weight QTL 335.2body mass (VT:0001259)body weight (CMO:0000012)1151162512256448636Rat
1549837Hcar15Hepatocarcinoma resistance QTL 150.05liver integrity trait (VT:0010547)liver tumorous lesion number (CMO:0001068)1153136852260522016Rat
1354580Scort1Serum corticosterone level QTL 13.4blood corticosterone amount (VT:0005345)blood corticosterone level (CMO:0001172)1156677124256448636Rat
2292220Bp306Blood pressure QTL 3063.470.00087arterial blood pressure trait (VT:2000000)systolic blood pressure (CMO:0000004)1164310393243914901Rat
738032Hcas5Hepatocarcinoma susceptibility QTL 53.12liver integrity trait (VT:0010547)liver tumorous lesion number (CMO:0001068)1176426412257976495Rat
1354624Cm35Cardiac mass QTL355.7heart left ventricle mass (VT:0007031)calculated heart weight (CMO:0000073)1177227632256448636Rat
1354652Kidm20Kidney mass QTL 204.3kidney mass (VT:0002707)calculated kidney weight (CMO:0000160)1177227632256448636Rat
634321Hc1Hypercalciuria QTL 12.91urine calcium amount (VT:0002985)urine calcium excretion rate (CMO:0000763)1178810256240830002Rat
1578763Kidm29Kidney mass QTL 293.30.0001kidney mass (VT:0002707)both kidneys wet weight (CMO:0000085)1179567751260522016Rat
8655655Arrd2Age-related retinal degeneration QTL 27.79retinal layer morphology trait (VT:0003727)percentage of study population developing retinopathy during a period of time (CMO:0002453)1183970203243914901Rat
8655855Arrd3Age-related retinal degeneration QTL 33.07lens clarity trait (VT:0001304)cataract incidence/prevalence measurement (CMO:0001585)1183970203243914901Rat
2312564Glom18Glomerulus QTL 182.40.003kidney glomerulus morphology trait (VT:0005325)index of glomerular damage (CMO:0001135)1185356336231689108Rat
1358898Bp255Blood pressure QTL 2553.6arterial blood pressure trait (VT:2000000)mean arterial blood pressure (CMO:0000009)1191019702246062233Rat
10059590Kidm44Kidney mass QTL 443.420.025kidney mass (VT:0002707)both kidneys wet weight to body weight ratio (CMO:0000340)1191033875236033875Rat
1358191Ept10Estrogen-induced pituitary tumorigenesis QTL 103.8pituitary gland mass (VT:0010496)pituitary gland wet weight (CMO:0000853)1192825253243914732Rat
8552891Epfw5Epididymal fat weight QTL 54.4epididymal fat pad mass (VT:0010421)epididymal fat pad weight to body weight ratio (CMO:0000658)1193113876238113876Rat
1600388Niddm67Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus QTL 675.840.000004blood glucose amount (VT:0000188)blood glucose level area under curve (AUC) (CMO:0000350)1195804352257091168Rat
1600395Niddm69Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus QTL 694.140.0002blood insulin amount (VT:0001560)plasma insulin level (CMO:0000342)1195804352257091168Rat
1600396Niddm68Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus QTL 684.970.0003blood glucose amount (VT:0000188)blood glucose level area under curve (AUC) (CMO:0000350)1195804352257091168Rat
631658Cm7Cardiac mass QTL 75.320.0001aorta mass (VT:0002845)aorta weight (CMO:0000076)1196248093241248093Rat
1358292Cm37Cardiac mass QTL 376.20.00000081heart mass (VT:0007028)heart weight to body weight ratio (CMO:0000074)1196248093241248093Rat
1600374Mcs17Mammary carcinoma susceptibility QTL 173mammary gland integrity trait (VT:0010552)mammary tumor number (CMO:0000343)1197670404242670404Rat
1641926Teswt2Testicular weight QTL 22.82testis mass (VT:1000644)both testes wet weight (CMO:0000175)1197697768238755659Rat
2302375Bw83Body weight QTL 834.870.0002body mass (VT:0001259)body weight (CMO:0000012)1197697768242697768Rat
61376Bp42Blood pressure QTL 4223.4arterial blood pressure trait (VT:2000000)systolic blood pressure (CMO:0000004)1197814409242814409Rat
1298084Thym4Thymus enlargement QTL 410.68thymus mass (VT:0004954)thymus weight to body weight ratio (CMO:0000612)1197814409242814409Rat
1357335Bw39Body weight QTL 393.3body mass (VT:0001259)body weight (CMO:0000012)1197814409242814409Rat
634313Niddm43Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus QTL 43blood glucose amount (VT:0000188)blood glucose level (CMO:0000046)1199050459259647894Rat
2293694Bss38Bone structure and strength QTL 387.050.0001femur strength trait (VT:0010010)femur stiffness (CMO:0001674)1201554356246554356Rat
7394701Uae46Urinary albumin excretion QTL 463.60.0056urine albumin amount (VT:0002871)urine albumin excretion rate (CMO:0000757)1201554356246554356Rat
2300175Bmd40Bone mineral density QTL 4015.40.0001femur mineral mass (VT:0010011)bone mineral density (CMO:0001226)1201554356246554356Rat